18 Types of Dressing of stones | Masonry finish dressed stones

18 Types of Dressing of stones | Masonry finish dressed stones-

In this post, we will discuss different types of Dressing of stones after Quarrying of stones from the rocks it is necessary to give proper size and shape to the stone to serve there purposes in construction. There are 18 Types of Dressing of stones with there respective finishes we will discuss in detail about it:
 

Definition: What is dressed or Dressing of stones:

Stones, after being quarried, are to he cut into suitable sizes and with suitable surfaces. This process is known as dressing of stones.
 

It is carried out for the following purposes:

( 1)To get the desired appearance from stonework,
(2) To make the transport from quarry easy and economical,
(3) To suit the requirements of stone masonry,
( 4) To take advantage of loca] men near quarry who are trained for such type of work, etc.
With respect to the place of work, the dressing can be divided into two types, namely, quarry dressing and site dressing.
 

At the quarry place, the stones are roughly dressed to secure the following advantages:

 
(I) The quarry site, it is possible to get cheap labour for the process of dressing of stones.
(2) It is possible to sort out stones for different works if quarry dressing is practised.
(3) The irregular and rough portions of the stones arc removed which decrease the weight of stones and it also facilitates easy transportation of the stones.
(4) The natural bed surface of stones can be made prominent during the quarry dressing.
(5) The stones when freshly quarried contain quarry sap and hence, they are comparatively soft and can be easily dressed.
 

Following are the varieties of finishes obtained by the dressing of stones:

 
(1) Axed finish:
Surfaces of hard stones such as granite are dressed by means of an axe. Such a finish is termed as an axed finish.
 

(2) Boasted or droved finish:

Dressing of stones boasted finish
In this type of finish, boaster is used to make noncontinuous parallel marks on the stone surface as shown in fig. 1-11. These marks may be horizontal, inclined or vertical. A boaster is a chisel having an edge of width about 60 mm.
 

 (3) Chisel-draughted margins:

In order to obtain uniform joints in stonework, margins are placed which may be either squared or pitched or chamfered.

(4) Circular finish:

In this type of finish, the surface of the stone is made round or circular as in case of a column.

For better Understanding Watch the video below:

 

 

(5) Dragged or combed finish:.

Dressing of stones Dragged finish
In this type of finish, a drag or a comb, which is a piece of steel with a number of teeth, is rubbed on the surface in all directions and surface, as shown in fig. 1-12, is obtained.
This finish is suitable for soft stones only.
 

(6) Furrowed finish:

Dressing of stones Furrowed finish
 In this type of finish, a margin of about 20 mm width, is sunk on all the edges of the stone and the central portion is made to project about 15 mm. A number of vertical or horizontal grooves about 10 mm wide are formed in this projected portion as shown in fig. This finish is generally adopted to make the quoins prominent.
 

 ( 7) Moulded finish:

The surface of the stone can be moulded in any desired shape so as to improve the appearance of the- work Mouldings can be made either by hand or machine.
 

( 8) Hammer-dressed finish:

Dressing of stones hammer-dressed finish
In this type of finish, stones are made roughly square or rectangular by means of a walker’s hammer.
 

 (9) Plain finish:

In this type of finish, the surface of the stone is made approximately smooth with a saw or with a chisel.

(10) Polished finish:

The surface of the stones such as marbles, granites, etc. can be polished either with hand or with the machine. On the stone surface, depressions are made by using a punch. The surface of the stone takes the form of a series of hollows and ridges.
 

(12) Rubbed finish:

This type of finish is obtained by rubbing a piece of stone with the surface or by rubbing the surface with the help of a suitable machine. Water and sand are freely used to
accelerate the process of rubbing.
 

(13) Scabbling finish:

In this type of finish, irregular projections are removed with a scrambling hammer and in this way, stones-are roughly dressed.
 

(14) Reticulated finish:

Dressing of stones reticulated finish
This type of finish presents a net-like appearance. A margin, about 20 mm wide, is marked on the edges of the stone and irregular sinkings are made on the enclosed space. A margin, about 10 mm wide, is provided around the irregularly shaped sinkings, having a depth of about 5 mm. A pointed tool is used to put the marks on the sunk surface so as to present a pock-marked appearance.
 

(15) Tooled finish:

Dressing of stones tooled finish
Stone surface is finished by means of a chisel and parallel continuous marks, either horizontal or inclined or vertical, are left on the surface.
 

 (16) Self-faced or rock-faced or quarry-faced finish:

Some stones, as obtained from the quarry, possess smooth surface and they can be directly placed on the work. Such a stone surface is termed as self-faced or rock-faced or quarry faced
finish.
 

(17) Sunk finish:

This finish is obtained by sinking the surface below the original level in the form of wide grooves, chamfers, inclined surfaces, etc.
 

 (18) Vermiculated finish:

This finish is just similar to reticulated type except that the singalongs are more curved. This finish presents a worm-eaten appearance.

Also read: Deterioration of stones

Conclusion: I hope that my friends have completely understood all the 18 types of dressing of stones If liked the post plz share to your loving friends, Thank u. For more info Read😊😊

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