MARKET FORMS OF TIMBER
The various market forms in which the timber is cut and sold are as follows:
12. Quartering or squares
1. Log: It is the trunk of a timber tree obtained after the removal of branches etc.
2. Deal: Deals are the sawn pieces of softwood with parallel sides, 50 mm to 100 mm thick and
200 mm to 250 mm wide.
3. Baulk: It is a roughly squared timber piece, obtained by removing the bark and sapwood,
The cross-sectional dimensions exceed 50 mm in one direction and 200 mm in another direction.
4. Batten: These are the pieces of sawn timber whose breadth and thickness do not exceed
5. Boards: It is a sawn piece or plank of timber with parallel sides, having a thickness less than
50 mm and width exceeding 200 mm.
6. Plank: It is a long timber piece with parallel sides, having its thickness less than 50 mm and
width of more than 50 mm.
7. End: This is a small piece of batten, deal or scantling.
8. Scantling: It is a timber piece whose breadth and thickness exceed 50 mm but is less than
200 mm in length. Scantlings are the pieces of the miscellaneous size of timber sawn out of a log.
9. Pole: A pole or a spar is a long log of wood whose diameter does not exceed 200 mm.
10. Post: It is a round or rectangular wooden member, having diameter or side less than 300 mm,
and which is used in a vertical position for use as a compression member in buildings.
11. Strips: These are wooden pieces having a thickness less than 50 mm and width less than
12. Quartering or squares: These are square pieces of timber, having sides 50 mm to 150 mm.