12 Market forms of timber – civil learners


The various market forms in which the timber is cut and sold are as follows:

1. Log
2. Deal
3. Baulk
4. Batten 
5. Boards
6. Plank
7. End
8. Scantling
9. Pole 
10. Post
11. Strips
12. Quartering or squares 
Market forms of timber
1. Log: It is the trunk of a timber tree obtained after the removal of branches etc.
2. Deal: Deals are the sawn pieces of softwood with parallel sides, 50 mm to 100 mm thick and
200 mm to 250 mm wide.
3. Baulk: It is a roughly squared timber piece, obtained by removing the bark and sapwood,
The cross-sectional dimensions exceed 50 mm in one direction and 200 mm in another direction.
4. Batten: These are the pieces of sawn timber whose breadth and thickness do not exceed
50 mm.
5. Boards: It is a sawn piece or plank of timber with parallel sides, having a thickness less than
50 mm and width exceeding 200 mm.
6. Plank: It is a long timber piece with parallel sides, having its thickness less than 50 mm and
width of more than 50 mm.
7. End: This is a small piece of batten, deal or scantling.
8. Scantling: It is a timber piece whose breadth and thickness exceed 50 mm but is less than
200 mm in length. Scantlings are the pieces of the miscellaneous size of timber sawn out of a log.
9. Pole: A pole or a spar is a long log of wood whose diameter does not exceed 200 mm.
10. Post: It is a round or rectangular wooden member, having diameter or side less than 300 mm,
and which is used in a vertical position for use as a compression member in buildings.
11. Strips: These are wooden pieces having a thickness less than 50 mm and width less than
100 mm

12. Quartering or squares: These are square pieces of timber, having sides 50 mm to 150 mm.

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